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Admin04.12.2021

Research Seminar Review: Emily Brownell’s ‘Concrete and Bricks: Materialising the Future in 1970s Tanzania’

The hundreds of rural migrants who poured into the city to escape the rural development schemes, however, soon discovered that it was also a place of disadvantage, disparity, and urban poverty.
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Admin22.01.2022

Research Seminar Review: Emily Brownell’s ‘Concrete and Bricks: Materialising the Future in 1970s Tanzania’

The architecture of the city of Dar es Salaam is a visual reflection of the tension between modernity and tradition that is central to 1970s nationalist discourse.
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Admin29.01.2022

Emily Brownell (1832

This comment and citation can be deleted after the biography has been edited and primary sources are included.
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Admin12.12.2021

Research Seminar Review: Emily Brownell’s ‘Concrete and Bricks: Materialising the Future in 1970s Tanzania’

The African elite built their own permanent residencies during the 1960s, and concrete and brick came to be understood as cultural symbols of modernity and development.
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Admin13.02.2022

Research Seminar Review: Emily Brownell’s ‘Concrete and Bricks: Materialising the Future in 1970s Tanzania’

As the city became more densely populated, therefore, its inhabitants found themselves struggling to survive.
Admin03.12.2021

Emily Brownell Photos

Traditional materials such as mud, wattle, and palm leaves, on the other hand, were defined by their impermanency although they could in fact survive for decades.
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Admin28.01.2022

Emily Brownell (1832

A black market for cement developed, but even for those families who could afford to buy cement, it could take years to obtain a large enough quantity for the building of an entire house.
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Admin07.02.2022

Research Seminar Review: Emily Brownell’s ‘Concrete and Bricks: Materialising the Future in 1970s Tanzania’

For many Tanzanians living on the rural peripheries, Dar es Salaam was an alluring and rich metropolitan centre.
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Admin04.01.2022

Emily Brownell (1832

Cement continued to hold its cultural status, and brick manufacture had detrimental impacts on the environment, with the production of 25,000 bricks requiring the felling of approximately 70 trees.
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Admin28.01.2022

Emily Brownell Photos

The construction of permanent housing alongside the impermanent slums is testament to urban inequality.
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Admin06.01.2022

Emily Brownell Photos

After all, the state was explicitly anti-urban in its stance: ideologically speaking, ujamaa and urbanity were incompatible.
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